REST (Representational State Transfer) APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) are a type of web-based software architecture used for building scalable and efficient web services. They provide a standardized way of creating and accessing web resources using the HTTP protocol, and are widely used in modern web development. REST APIs are based on a set of principles and constraints, such as client-server architecture, statelessness, and cacheability, which make them highly flexible and adaptable to different client applications. They typically use a set of HTTP methods, such as GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE, to manipulate resources, and return data in a variety of formats, such as JSON or XML. REST APIs are platform-agnostic, and can be accessed by any client application that supports HTTP, making them ideal for creating interoperable and decoupled web services. With their simplicity, scalability, and flexibility, REST APIs have become a key component of modern web development, enabling developers to build powerful and interoperable web applications and services.
In this tutorial, we’ll delve into the creation of REST APIs using Node.js, MongoDB, and Express 4 as part of
Creating a RESTful API is a common task in web development, as it allows client-side applications to interact with your